Volume 10, Number 2, June 2004
Copyright © 2004 Society for Music Theory

2.1.2 Root-Position Triads

Table 2.1.2a. Rules for voice-doubling in root position triads, according to various theorists

Theorists Double the root Root > Fifth (> Third) No third No fifth Depends on quality Reinforce the key Same for all inversions
Alchin (26)            
Aldwell & Schachter (27)            
Benjamin, et al. (28)          
Bussler (29)          
Chadwick (30)            
Christ, et al. (31)          
DeLone (32)            
Foote & Spalding (33)          
Gow (34)      
Jones (35)      
Kostka & Payne (36)          
Kraft (37)          
Levarie (38)        
MacPherson (39)          
Des Marais (40)            
Mitchell (41)          
Morris (42)          
Ottman (43)      
Ottman (44)          
Owen (45)          
Piston (46)            
Prout (47)          
Ratner (48)        
Riemann (49)          
Rimsky-Korsakov (50)            
Robinson (51)            
Schoenberg (52)            
Serly (53)            
Shinn (54)        
Siegmeister (55)            
Stainer (56)            
Tapper (57)          
Tchaikovsky (58)            
Tischler (59)        
Trotter (60)            
Tweedy (61)            
Warburton (62)            
Weidig (63)          
York (64)          
Total: 19 18 9 2 8 3 13

Back to §2.1 (Doubling Rules)
Back to §2 (Rules for Doubling and Spacing)

Go on to §2.1.3 (First-Inversion Triads)

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Prepared by Brent Yorgason, Managing Editor and Tahirih Motazedian, Editorial Assistant